Commence ton planning de voyage:
Siurells are one of the symbols of Mallorca, together with ensaimada and dimonis. Siurells are clay figures traditionally representing a peasant or the devil. The figure is placed on a base with a whistle. It is then whitewashed and painted in green and red strokes. The name “siurell” comes from the whistle attached to the rear of the figure. In addition, the name refers to an old peasant toy. Siurells have evolved and they now include horses, oxen, peasants and many really imaginative characters..
To make a siurell the first step is to model the different parts before joining them together with “llamuga” a lighter clay. The following step is to make the whistle, which is the key part that gives its name to the siurell. A “tronquet d’albó” and a cane are used to form the chamber and pierce the air holes, respectively. This is what gives the whistle is characteristic sound. After the parts are put together, the siurell is left to dry before firing. Once fired, the figure is coated with whitewash, which is responsible for its typical white colour. The process consists in holding the siurell by the whistle and dipping it in whitewash, being careful not to whitewash the mouth of the whistle. Finally the siurell is painted in green, red, blue and yellow strokes.
The whitewash coat is common to all “siurells”. However, the colour strokes change depending on where the figures have been made. For instance, in Inca they are painted in blue and yellow and in Marratxí in green and red. The traditional paint, which was extracted from natural pigments, aniline, red ochre, etc, has been replaced by synthetic paint which is easier to manufacture. The strokes can be arranged in different ways, depending on the artisan. The artisan applies different patterns like parallel strokes of different colours or perpendicular strokes and a combination of long strokes and dots of another colour to form a motif very similar to a flower.
Siurells are mainly produced in Inca, Sa Cabaneta, Llubí, Felanitx, Sineu, Artà, Inca, Santa Maria and Consell. Marratxí is the most important production area and houses the main potteries of the island.
The origin of siurells remains a mystery. Their age, meaning and origin are unknown. Some think that it is only a toy while others wonder if they had a religious meaning. Several coincidences and similarities link them to archaeological objects found in Crete, Cyprus, Greece and Sardinia. Many researchers are investigating the true origin of siurells but, at the moment they are just drawing up hypotheses without reaching a definitive conclusion. Some experts believe that it comes from an Arab toy. However, popular belief says that they were brought to the island by the Phoenicians. Siurells are often seen as a reflection of Bronze Age traditions. It was a child’s toy and a tool for shepherds to control their herds. In addition, shepherds played songs with the whistle. The painter Joan Miró was deeply influenced by this mysterious toy. He was the most popular enthusiast of siurells.
If the content of is page is available in sign language, you will find a video in the MULTIMEDIA
module. If unavailable, you can
request its interpretation.
Ajouter la pièce
Note: The Consell de Mallorca is not responsible for the views expressed by the users of the site. Comments posted by users do not necessarily represent the views of InfoMallorca.
InfoMallorca is the official tourist information website of Mallorca. It is part of the Network of Tourist Information Centres of the Consell de Mallorca. As well as information for visitors, InfoMallorca provides services that will help you prepare your trip and a user community area where you can share information and experiences with other residents and visitors. More information. Legal notice.